The first Indian Air Force unit raised was No.1 Squadron, Indian Air Force on 1st April 1933. Since then a number of Squadrons, Flights and Units were raised spanning the number range 1-224. With the exception of a few SA-2 Squadrons raised in the mid 60s, all other Squadrons operated either fixed wing aircraft or helicopters.
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The Air Defence Missile Squadrons and UAV Squadrons. IAF initially had SA-2 and later SA-3 (Pechora), Igla and recently the Akash Missile systems
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Signal Units, Signal Squadrons, TRUs refer to the various Air Defence Radar, Communication and Electronic Warfare units that are spread across the length and breadth of the Country
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Working Under the Maintenance Command, these units support the technical and logistic needs of the IAF. The Units include Base Report Depots, Equipment Depots, Repair & Salvage units and Air Stores Parks
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Bases are typically Static Geographical Locations that host other lodger units. These include Wings, Forward Base Support Units (FBSU), Care& Maintenance Units, MEMUs and other Air Force Stations. These are commanded by a Station Commander or an AOC (Air Officer Commanding)
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The IAF currently has five operational commands, each of which is headed by an AOC-in-C (Air Officer Commander-in-Chief) with the rank of Air Marshal and two additional commands - Training Command and Maintenance Command. IAF Air Marshals also command tri-services commands such as Andaman & Nicobar Command and Strategic Forces Command
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The Operational Commands sometimes have Sub-Sectors and Tactical Air Centers based on regional locations or Advance Head Quarters, whose main function is to liason with the Army or Navy.
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Various Flight training and specialist institutions involving fixed wing and rotary wing aircraft. Some of these institutions have since been disbanded or renamed.
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Various training and specialist institutions for Technical, Administrative and Medical branches
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Security Units are usually involved in providing security facilities to IAF establishments - including protection against Airfield Attacks.
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Medical Units of the IAF include hospitals, Training Establishments and Dental centers
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Non IAF Establishments are those to which IAF officers are posted as commanding officers. Typically these establishments rotate command across all the three major forces.
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IAF Recruitment Units are involved in active recruitment of Officers and Airmen
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The air force component of the National Cadet Corps consists of several Air Squadrons and Technical Squadrons distributed across all states. These units provide a taste of life in the air force for the students by providing gliding and powered flying training as well as technical training in form of aero-modelling.
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