Awardee List for the year 1945


A total of 56 Awards are listed.
Distinguished Service Order : 2 | Officer of the Order of the British Empire : 1 | Distinguished Flying Cross : 19 | Member of the Order of the British Empire : 2 | Air Force Cross : 2 | British Empire Medal : 4 | Mentioned in Dispatches : 26 |
Distinguished Service Order
Sqn Ldr   Geoffrey Stanton Sharp RNZAFUnit : No.4 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 23 Mar 45
Details : Sqn Ldr Geoffrey Stanton Sharp, DSO. (403476 RNZAF) : In January 1945, this officer led the squadron on a sortie in support of a landing by ground forces at Myebone. The purpose was to lay a smoke screen. Precise timing and great accuracy were essential to success. In spite of considerable anti-aircraft fire, Squadron Leader Sharp led his squadron in to the target with great skill and, as a result of the excellent work performed, the ground forces were enabled to execute a landing under a well-timed and accurately placed smoke screen. During the operation Squadron Leader Sharp's aircraft was hit several times by anti-aircraft fire, but he flew it back to base. This officer has completed many reconnaissances over difficult terrain and in extremely bad weather, with excellent results. He has displayed exceptional skill, great courage and devotion to duty in the execution of his allotted tasks.
Reference: London Gazette 36997 dated 20 March 1945. Page 1594 (Courtesy Hugh Halliday) 

Distinguished Service Order
Sqn Ldr   Robert Francis Thomas Doe 41908 RAFUnit : No.10 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 02 Oct 45
Details : Sqn Ldr Robert Francis Thomas Doe, DSO DFC. (41908 RAF) : Under the inspiring leadership of Squadron Leader Doe, his squadron has attained a high standard of operational efficiency. He has successfully completed numerous bombing and low-level attacks within 60 yards of our troops and over mountainous and difficult terrain. Whilst operating over the Arakan front his squadron has been responsible for the destruction of over 200 river craft, one tank, three bridges, six ferries and various other enemy objectives. Squadron Leader Doe has completed his third tour of operational duty and has at all times displayed an unconquerable spirit and great devotion to duty
Reference: London Gazette 37291 dated 2 Oct 1945. Page 4857 (Courtesy Hugh Halliday) 

Officer of the Order of the British Empire
Wg Cdr Subroto Mukerjee 1551 GD(P)Unit : -N.A.- Award Date Announced 01 Jun 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference:  

Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross
Wg Cdr Karun Krishna Majumdar 1555 GD(P)Unit : 268 Sqn RAF  Award Date Announced 23 Jan 45
Details : [268 Squadron RAF] This officer has completed many tactical reconnaissance and photographic sorties. His keenness for operational work and his skill on difficult and dangerous missions has always been outstanding. Before the advance northwards in France, he completed exceptionally valuable photographic reconnaissances of the Seine bridges, in the face of heavy ground defences. He has also participated in long tactical reconnaissances on which he was several times intercepted by superior formations of enemy aircraft. His skill and courage have always been outstanding.
Reference: London Gazette 36905 dated 23 January 45, Page 527 (Citation Courtesy: Colin Ford ) 

Distinguished Flying Cross
Fg Offr Anand Ramdas Pandit 1707 GD(P)Unit : No.1 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 23 Jan 45
Details : Flying Officer Anand Ramdas Pandit while serving with No.1 (RIAF) Squadron during World War II, proved himself to be an accomplished tactical reconnaisance pilot and completed 169 sorties totalling 206 hours in 2 months. His outstanding daring and determination had been the cause of his bringing back very valuable information on most occassions. The photographs secured by him had been highly commended by the Fourteenth Army. His keenness and enthusiasm for operational flying was exemplarary. For the above acts of gallantry he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.

Additional Citation: Flying Officer Pandit has completed a large number of operational sorties. Many of these have been flown during the monsoon period and over jungle covered mountainous terrain. He has, throughout, displayed the greatest enthusiasm and skill in his work as tactical reconnaissance pilot. His outstanding courage and determination have enabled him to secure valuable information and photographs.

Notes: Public Record Office Air 2/9043 has citation drafted when he had flown 169 sorties (206 operational hours).

Reference: London Gazette 36905 dated 23 January 45, Page 527 (Citation Courtesy: Hugh Halliday) 

Distinguished Flying Cross
Fg Offr Bollineni Ramachandra Rao 1726 GD(P)Unit : No.1 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 23 Jan 45
Details : This officer has taken part in a large number of operational sorties. He is a skilful tactical reconnaissance pilot who has always displayed outstanding determination, gallantry and devotion to duty. He has achieved some excellent results and the fine photographs he has obtained have been of great value to the army.

Notes: Public Record Office Air 2/9043 has citation drafted when he had flown 172 sorties (229 operational hours).

Reference: London Gazette 36905 dated 23 January 45, Page 527 (Citation Courtesy: Hugh Halliday) 

Distinguished Flying Cross
Fg Offr Prem Sagar Gupta 2335 GD(P)Unit : No.1 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 03 Apr 45
Details : Throughout a large number of operational sorties this officer has displayed great courage and firm determination. He is an outstanding tactical reconnaissance pilot and his devotion to duty and tireless efforts to acquire information during very adverse weather has been remarkable. He has consistently obtained photographs of great tactical value to the Army. By his enthusiasm and efficiency, Flying Officer Gufta has set a fine example to the other members of his squadron.
Reference: London Gazette 37012 dated 3 April 45, Page 1784. Citation in Air Ministry Bulletin 18150. (Citation Courtesy: Hugh Halliday) 

Distinguished Flying Cross
Fg Offr Khemendra Nath Kak 2004 GD(P)Unit : No.1 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 03 Apr 45
Details : Flying Officer Kak has accomplished his duties as tactical reconnaissance pilot with skill, courage and devotion to duty of a high order. He has achieved excellent results and brought back valuable information despite the monsoon weather and mountainous terrain.
Reference: London Gazette 37012 dated 3 April 45, Page 1784. Citation in Air Ministry Bulletin 18150. (Citation Courtesy: Hugh Halliday) 

Distinguished Flying Cross
Fg Offr Minoo Nowsherwan Bulsara 2364 GD(P)Unit : No.1 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 03 Apr 45
Details : This officer s a keen, courageous and skillful pilot who has taken part in a large number of tactical reconnaissance sorties. Many of these have been flown during monsoon weather over mountainous terrain. He has, throughout, displayed a high standard of airmanship, which coupled with his courage and devotion to duty have enabled him to achieve many successes and obtain valuable information for the Army.
Reference: London Gazette 37012 dated 3 April 45, Page 1784. Citation in Air Ministry Bulletin 18150. (Citation Courtesy: Hugh Halliday) 

Distinguished Flying Cross
Sqn Ldr   Ramaswamy Rajaram 1573 GD(P)Unit : No.1 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 17 Apr 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 37036 dated 17 April 1945, Page 2026 Citation from Air Ministry Bulletin 18375 (Citation Courtesy: Hugh Halliday) 

Distinguished Flying Cross
Flt Lt   Mahendra Singh Pujji 1604 GD(P)Unit : No.4 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 17 Apr 45
Details : This officer has flown on many reconnaissance sorties over Japanese occupied territory, often in adverse monsoon weather. he has obtained much valuable information of enemy troop movements and dispositions, which enabled an air offensive to be maintained against the Japanese troops throughout the monsoon. Flight Lieutenant Pujji has shown himself to be a skilful and determined pilot who has always displayed outstanding leadership and courage
Reference: London Gazette 37036 dated 17 April 1945, Page 2026 Citation from Air Ministry Bulletin 18375 (Citation Courtesy: Hugh Halliday) 

Distinguished Flying Cross
Flt Lt   Patrick Ascension Kennedy 122141 RAFVRUnit : No.4 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 17 Apr 45
Details : This officer has completed many reconnaissance sorties over hazardous country often in adverse weather. He has obtained much valuable information of Japanese troop concentrations and movements and has led formations of aircraft in attacks against enemy positions in support of our ground troops. On several occasions he effectively bombed enemy positions within 300 yards of our own troops. During two sorties his aircraft sustained severe damage. Undeterred, by cool and careful airmanship, Flight Lieutenant [sic] Kennedy succeeded in landing his damaged aircraft safely at base. His devotion to duty at all times has been most commendable.
Reference: London Gazette 37036 dated 17 April 1945, Page 2026 Citation from Air Ministry Bulletin 18375 (Citation Courtesy: Hugh Halliday) 

Distinguished Flying Cross
Flt Lt Denis Martin Finn 133445 RAFVRUnit : No.4 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 20 Jul 45
Details : This officer has completed a very successful operational tour. His sorties have included many close support bombing attacks on extremely important targets. During adverse weather in the monsoon period he has flown on numerous long-range escort patrols and has fulfilled many different tasks successfully. By his coolness, efficiency and fine fighting spirit, Flight Lieutenant Finn has set an inspiring example to the other pilots of the squadron
Reference: London Gazette 37187 dated 17 July 1945, Page 3782 Citation from Air Ministry Bulletin 19267. (Citation Courtesy: Hugh Halliday) 

Distinguished Flying Cross
Fg Offr   Balamore Navaneetham Surendra 1716 GD(P)Unit : No.4 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 20 Jul 45
Details : This officer has taken part in a large number of operational sorties of a varied nature. He has achieved some excellent results when flying on tactical reconnaissance and has obtained valuable information, often in adverse weather, of Japanese troop concentrations and movements in dense jungle. In smoke laying and target marking operations, Flying Officer Surendra’s skilful navigation has largely contributed to the successes achieved. In addition he has inflicted considerable damage on the enemy’s rivercraft and lines of communication. At all times this officer’s leadership, courage and determination have been worthy of the highest praise.
Reference: London Gazette 37187 dated 17 July 1945, Page 3785 Citation from Air Ministry Bulletin 19267. (Citation Courtesy: Hugh Halliday) 

Distinguished Flying Cross
Flt Lt   Hirendra Nath Chatterjee 1620 GD(P)Unit : No.1 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 17 Aug 45
Details : Flight Lieutenant Chatterjee has completed a large number of operational sorties. An excellent flight commander and a determined and successful fighter reconnaissance pilot, he has flown on many difficult missions and brought back valuable information about the enemy and some outstanding photographs.
Reference: London Gazette 37228 dated 17 Aug 1945, Page 4188 Citation from Air Ministry Bulletin 19448. (Citation Courtesy: Hugh Halliday) 

Distinguished Flying Cross
Fg Offr   Narayan Khanderao Shitoley 1841 GD(P)Unit : No.1 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 17 Aug 45
Details : Flying Officer Shitoley is a daring and courageous reconnaissance pilot. He has taken part in a large number of operational sorties and the information he has obtained has been of great value to the army. In addition he has secured many excellent photographs. This officer has always displayed praiseworthy skill and determination to complete his allotted task, often in the most adverse weather
Reference: London Gazette 37228 dated 17 Aug 1945, Page 4188 Citation from Air Ministry Bulletin 19448. (Citation Courtesy: Hugh Halliday) 

Distinguished Flying Cross
Flt Lt James Hogan Currie 104548 RAFVRUnit : No.4 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 02 Oct 45
Details : Throughout a large number of operational sorties this officer has shown courage and devotion to duty. Many of his missions have been flown in adverse weather over mountainous terrain. His leadership and accuracy have materially contributed to the many successes attained by his flight.
Reference: London Gazette 37291 dated 2 Oct 1945, Page 4857 Citation in Air Ministry Bulletin 19829. (Citation Courtesy: Hugh Halliday) 

Distinguished Flying Cross
Flt Lt   Minoo Merwan Engineer 1614 GD(P)Unit : No.3 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 02 Oct 45
Details : During World War II , Flight Lieutnant Minoo Merwan Engineer, while serving with No.3 (RIAF) Squadron had a long period of operational flying. As a Flight Commander, he led many successful attacks in support of the Army, most of the time bombing and strafing in difficult country within a few hundred yards of our own troops. At all times he set an outstanding example of leadership and devotion to duty which played a large role in mainitaing a high standard of morale prevailing in his flight and Squadron. He has a total of 505 hours and 25 minutes of operational flying. For the above acts of gallantry he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.

Citation from Air Ministry Bulletin 1829.: This officer has a very fine operational record and has participated in attacks against many heavily defended targets. He has also participated in operations in support of the Army. At all times he has shown outstanding ability and skill in leading his flight and steadfast devotion to duty.

Reference: London Gazette 37291 dated 2 Oct 1945, Page 4859 Citation in Air Ministry Bulletin 19829. (Citation Courtesy: Hugh Halliday) 

Distinguished Flying Cross
Fg Offr   Rointon Merwan Engineer 2120 GD(P)Unit : No.9 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 02 Oct 45
Details : This offer has let a section and, on several occasions, his flight on many successful sorties. He has at all times displayed exceptional keenness for operational flying, while his skill, courage and unfailing devotion to duty have always been most praiseworthy.
Reference: London Gazette 37291 dated 2 Oct 1945, Page 4859 Citation in Air Ministry Bulletin 19829. (Citation Courtesy: Hugh Halliday) 

Distinguished Flying Cross
Fg Offr   Sukumar Krishna Mukerjee 2359 GD(P)Unit : No.9 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 02 Oct 45
Details : Flying Officer Mukerjee has proven himself a keen and efficient member of a squadron which has completed many successful missions. His determination to press home his attacks against any opposition, together with his keenness and devotion to duty has set an inspiring example to all.
Reference: London Gazette 37291 dated 2 Oct 1945, Page 4859 Citation in Air Ministry Bulletin 19829. (Citation Courtesy: Hugh Halliday) 

Distinguished Flying Cross
Fg Offr   Bondada Bhaskara Koteshwara Rao 2437 GD(P)Unit : No.2 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 02 Oct 45
Details : This officer has consistently displayed keenness for operational flying and great determination. His photography has always been of a high standard and his courage and devotion to duty have been outstanding. Flying Officer Raohas proved himself to be a first class tactical reconnaissance pilot.
Reference: London Gazette 37291 dated 2 Oct 1945, Page 4859 Citation in Air Ministry Bulletin 19829. (Citation Courtesy: Hugh Halliday) 

Distinguished Flying Cross
Sqn Ldr Pratap Chandra Lal 1567 GD(P)Unit : No.7 Squadron, RIAF  Award Date Announced 19 Oct 45
Details : Squadron Leader Pratap Chandra Lal has completed a considerable number of operational sorties. He is a commanding officer of a squadron which has been employed on photographic reconnaissance work in support of the Fourteenth Army in the Irrawady Valley. He has shown exceptional qualities and keenness and has completed many hazardous sorties in the wake of strong enemy opposition. He has frequently penetrated deep into enemy territory in search of important information. By his coolness and determination, Squadron Leader Lal has set a fine example to all his pilots.
Reference: London Gazette 37313 dated 19 Oct 45, Page 5123 

Member of the Order of the British Empire
Sqn Ldr Safdar Kureshi 1967 ENGUnit : -N.A.- Award Date Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference:  

Member of the Order of the British Empire
Fg Offr Ram Singh 2180 ENGUnit : -N.A.- Award Date Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference:  

Air Force Cross
Flt Lt Pothery Charuvary Ramachandran 3514 GD(P)Unit : -N.A.- Award Date Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference:  

Air Force Cross
Flt Lt Homi Dhanjishaw Bharucha 1962 GD(P)Unit : 353 Squadron  Award Date Announced 01 Sep 45
Details : This officer has been employed as a pilot with his present squadron for three years. He is possessed of courage and endurance which were particularly evidenced when flying throughout one complete monsoon whilst employed on Bengal internal mail duties. He never failed to complete a task and his ability and determination have reached the highest standard.

Notes:Public Record Office Air 2/9117, Citation drafted when he had flown 1,510 hours, 650 in previous six months, 184 in previous six months.

Reference: London Gazette 37256 dated 7 Sept 1945, Page 4486 (Courtesy Hugh Halliday and Steve Brew) 

British Empire Medal
Sgt B M Kothari 10379 ORUnit : -N.A.- Award Date Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference:  

British Empire Medal
Art 1 Prem Ballabh Pant 3234 ORUnit : -N.A.- Award Date Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference:  

British Empire Medal
LAC Sitacendra Purkayasta 14825 ORUnit : -N.A.- Award Date 01 Oct 44 Announced 27 Apr 45
Details : In October 1944, an aircraft with overload petrol tank developed an internal glycol leak whilst taking off from an R.A.F. station and crashed near the end of the runway immediately bursting into flames. LAC Purkayasta, who was working in the M.T. yard, saw the aircraft crash and, taking the nearest vehicle drove to the scene of the accident. He was the first person to arrive and found the aircraft enveloped in flames with the pilot, whose clothing and parachute were on fire, lying half out of the cockpit in an unconcious condition. Disregarding the flames this airman endeavoured to drag the pilot clear but found that he was held by his tangled harness. LAC Purkaysta was then obliged to retire before the intense heat. He secured a knife from a native labourer who had arrived on the scene and with this he returned to the rescue. He cut the retaining straps of the equipment , dragged the pilot clear and proceeded to extinguis his burning clothing. Unfortunately the pilot died on the way to hospital. LAC Purkaysta displayed great gallantry and complete disregard for his own safety.
Reference: London Gazette 37054 dated 27 April 1945. Page 2243 (Courtesy Hugh Halliday) 

British Empire Medal
AC 1 Leonard John Saldhana 15228 ORUnit : -N.A.- Award Date 01 Nov 44 Announced 06 Jul 45
Details : One evening in November 1944, AC 1 Saldanha and a colleague were the first two people to arrive at the scene of an aircraft which had crashed and was burning fiercely. With complete disregard for their personal safety , these two Airmen enteretd the flames and succeeded in recuing one meber of the crew. Although by this time the fire had considerably increased and the heat was intense AC 1 Saldanha went back for the remaining passenger , but was unable to reach him. This Airman showed bravery and gallantry of a very high order in re-entering the burning aircraft and attemting a further rescue after having already sustained burns on his hands and forearms.
Reference: London Gazette 37165 dated 6 July 1945. Page 3513 (Courtesy Hugh Halliday) 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Sqn Ldr H B Chaudhuri 1565 GD(P)Unit : No.7 Squadron  Award Date 01 Jan 45 Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 36866 pub 29 Dec 1944 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Sqn Ldr Shiv Dev Singh 1595 GD(P)Unit : No.6 Squadron  Award Date 01 Jan 45 Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 36866 pub 29 Dec 1944 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Sqn Ldr R K Behl 1893 A&SDUnit : -N.A.- Award Date 01 Jan 45 Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 36866 pub 29 Dec 1944 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Sqn Ldr J D Italia 1585 A&SDUnit : -N.A.- Award Date 01 Jan 45 Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 36866 pub 29 Dec 1944 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Flt Lt P C Lal 1567 GD(P)Unit : No.7 Squadron  Award Date 01 Jan 45 Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 36866 pub 29 Dec 1944 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Flt Lt E W Pinto 1593 GD(P)Unit : No.7 Squadron  Award Date 01 Jan 45 Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 36866 pub 29 Dec 1944 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Flt Lt J S Ahluwalia 1829 EQPTUnit : -N.A.- Award Date 01 Jan 45 Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 36866 pub 29 Dec 1944 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Flt Lt H D Barucha 1962 GD(P)Unit : -N.A.- Award Date 01 Jan 45 Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 36866 pub 29 Dec 1944 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Flt Lt R Bokhari 2548 A&SDUnit : -N.A.- Award Date 01 Jan 45 Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 36866 pub 29 Dec 1944 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Flt Lt H Raza 1579 GD(P)Unit : No.1 Squadron  Award Date 01 Jan 45 Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 36866 pub 29 Dec 1944 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Fg Offr K N Kak 2004 GD(P)Unit : No.1 Squadron  Award Date 01 Jan 45 Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 36866 pub 29 Dec 1944 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Fg Offr Bollneni Ramachandra Rao 1726 GD(P)Unit : No.1 Squadron  Award Date 01 Jan 45 Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 36866 pub 29 Dec 1944 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Fg Offr M Hafeezullah 2584 A&SDUnit : -N.A.- Award Date 01 Jan 45 Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 36866 pub 29 Dec 1944 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Fg Offr V S C Bonarjee 1623 GD(O)Unit : -N.A.- Award Date 01 Jan 45 Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 36866 pub 29 Dec 1944 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Plt Offr R N Bakshi 2194 A&SDUnit : -N.A.- Award Date 01 Jan 45 Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 36866 pub 29 Dec 1944 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Plt Offr N A Rishi 2319 EQPTUnit : -N.A.- Award Date 01 Jan 45 Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 36866 pub 29 Dec 1944 

Mentioned in Dispatches
WO Tara Singh ORUnit : -N.A.- Award Date 01 Jan 45 Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 36866 pub 29 Dec 1944 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Flt Sgt Ramzan Ali ORUnit : -N.A.- Award Date 01 Jan 45 Announced 01 Jan 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 36866 pub 29 Dec 1944 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Flt Lt G Wakefield 2184 A&SDUnit : -N.A.- Award Date 01 Jun 45 Announced 01 Jun 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 37119 pub 8 June 1945 

Mentioned in Dispatches
Flt Lt S G Deshpande 2294 A&SDUnit : -N.A.- Award Date 01 Jun 45 Announced 01 Jun 45
Details :
Citation Not Available
Reference: London Gazette 37119 pub 8 June 1945 

The Awards Database presented here was made possible by the kind generosity of Air Marshal Bharat Kumar, author of Courage & Devotion to Duty : A Chronicle of IAF's Honours and Awards (1932-2008). Air Marshal Bharat Kumar had very graciously given permission to reproduce the citations from the book on this website.
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Note: All the data available here is publicly available in the Gazette of India, published by the Indian Government, or from public domain sources, press releases about Awards and Right-To-Information (RTI) Requests. Additionally data shared by veterans is added to the page with permission. No data with respect to serving officers below the rank of AVM is displayed. Information in Gazette of India and Award citations and photographs as released by the Indian Air Force are the only details displayed.