Anti-Tank Weapons

Note: The 9K113 Konkurs is manufactured at Bharat Dynamics Ltd. (BDL) under license and equips the BMP-2 and has also been re-fitted to the BMP-1. The Milan-II, 9K113 Konkurs and 9K11 Fagot form the Indian Army's standard anti-tank guided missiles. BDL has also produced a universal launcher - FLAME - for both infantry and vehicle use, firing all three anti-tank missiles.


9K11 Malyutka (AT-3 Sagger)

The 9K11 Malyutka can be employed as a man-packed missile, on vehicles or helicopters. The AT-3a/b versions uses manual-command-to line-of-sight (MCLOS) guidance where the operator literally flies the missile down his line of sight to the target. The missile is also slow; it takes 25 seconds to reach its maximum range of 3000 metres. The AT-3c version was refitted using semi-automatic command line of sight guidance (SACLOS) to serve as an interim until the AT-5 Spandrel and AT-6 Spiral came in to widespread service. This ATGW has a high explosive anti-tank warhead and has an armour penetration of 400mm.

9K11 Fagot (AT-4 Spigot)

The AT-4 is a tube-launched, wire-guided, command-to-line-of-sight, semi-automatic ATGM system, similar in many respects to the American TOW system. The system consists of three major components; the missile, the launch tube and the missile launcher. The tripod-mounted launcher for ground-launched employment has a periscope sight attached to its left side. The sight and missile tracker comprise a single unit, which is mechanically attached to the launch tube connecting the rail so both move together in elevation. The crew loads the missile by sliding the tube onto the launch supports from the rear until the electrical contacts and a mechanical catch engage, then the system is ready for launch.

It was originally designed as a ground launched weapon system. However, turrets of the BMP-1 and others can mount the AT-4b launcher. This ATGW has an improved sustained motor which increases the maximum range to 3 km and a HEAT (High Explosive Anti-Tank) warhead, with armour penetration of 500mm. The missile's extremely narrow field of view makes it more difficult to decoy, since the decoy source must be inside the field of view. SIPRI {Stockholm International Peace Research Institute} reported that between 1992-1994, around 900 missiles were licensed produced.

9K113 Konkurs (AT-5 Spandrel)

The 9K113 Konkurs is considered to be the equivalent to the American TOW missile. This ATGW is similar to the AT-4 in most respects except in it's weight and maximum range, with the latter being 4 km. The AT-5 is intended for use on vehicles only. It has a HEAT (High Explosive Anti-Tank) warhead, with armour penetration of 600-700mm. SIPRI {Stockholm International Peace Research Institute} reported that between 1992-2001, around 4300 missiles were licensed produced.