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Vayam Rakshamah - We Protect

Insignia of the Indian Coast Guard

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Introduction

 

The Indian Coast Guard [Bharatiya Thatrakshak] was constituted as the fourth armed union of India, on 19 August 1978, under the Coast Guard Act. The force's main function is to protect India's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), covering an area of 2.02 million sq. km, and operates under the effective control of the Ministry of Defense. Coast Guard vessels and aircraft have been assisting the custom authorities in anti-smuggling operations and has effectively served national interests in high-risk areas. They are also used in SAR operations, anti-pollution and other duties in maritime zones. While protection of the high seas is vested with the Indian Navy, the area between 10 and 30 nautical miles from the shore is under the charge of the Coast Guard and from shore to five nautical miles with the coastal police as well as the Coast Guard.

 

It's Responsibilities Include:

• Enforcing the provisions of enactment in force in the maritime zones.

• Assisting the Customs and other authorities in anti-smuggling operations.

• To preserve & protect the marine environment and control marine pollution.

• Measures for safety of life and property at sea including aid to mariners in distress.

• Ensuring the safety & protection of artificial islands, offshore terminals and other installations in MR zones.

*The Coast Guard is the nodal agency for oil spill response in India's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) under the national oil disaster contingency plan. Currently, the Coast Guard has capability to combat oil pollution up to 10,000 tons (Tier-II) and is in the process of upgrading its capability to more than 10,000 tons (Tier-III). Towards this, three pollution control vessels (refer to the 'Coast Guard Fleet' sub-section) are being inducted into the fleet, the first of which is likely to be commissioned in September 2006.


Personnel

The Coast Guard has a strength of approximately 1000 officers and 5200 other personnel. The force is led by a Director General and a Deputy Director General. Vice Admiral Rustom Faramroze Contractor is the present Director General of the Coast Guard.

Coast Guard Rank Structure Equivalent Indian Navy Rank Structure
Director General Vice Admiral
Inspector General Rear Admiral
Deputy Inspector General * Commodore
Deputy Inspector General Captain
Commandant Commander
Deputy Commandant Lieutenant Commander
Assistant Commandant Lieutenant
Assistant Commandant Acting Lieutenant
Assistant Commandant Midshipman

* With three years seniority
Under training after completion of Phase III afloat training and during sub courses
Under training after completion of Phase II afloat training


Operational Commands

• The Indian Coast Guard's Central HQ is located in New Delhi.

• Regional HQs are located at Mumbai, Chennai and Port Blair in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

• West Coast District HQs are located at Porbandar, Mumbai, Mangalore, Kochi and Goa. The District HQ at Porbander includes coast guard stations at Jakhau, Vadinar and Okha and an air station at Porbandar itself. The District HQ at Kochi includes coast guard stations at Kavaratti and Vizhinjam. The District HQ at Goa includes an coast guard air enclave at Daman.

• East Coast District HQs are located at Chennai, Vizag, Paradip, Haldia and Kolkata. The District HQ at Chennai includes coast guard stations at Tuticorin and Mandapam.

• Port Blair District HQs are located at Diglipur and Campbell Bay.

*The Coast Guard is taking all possible measures to safeguard the long coastal line of India from terrorism & sabotage, with special focus on the highly sensitive west coast ringing Maharashtra and Gujarat. Construction on eight new Coast Guard Stations have already commenced, as part of security measures to prevent terrorist activities at sea. The new stations are coming up at Pipavav in Gujarat, Ratnagiri in Maharashtra, Beypore in Kerala, Karwar in Karnataka, Nagapattinam in Tamil Nadu, Kakinada in Andhra Pradesh, the seventh in Pondichery and the eighth in the Andaman Islands.


Coast Guard Fleet

CLASS OF VESSEL

VESSEL TYPE

FLEET STRENGTH

Sankalp Class 105m Advanced Offshore Patrol Vessel

2 in service

Samar Class 102m Advanced Offshore Patrol Vessel

4 in service

Samudra Class

Pollution Control Vessel

1 in service, 2 being built

Vikram Class

Offshore Patrol Vessel

7 in service, 1 salvaged

Jijabai Class Inshore Patrol Vessel

13 in service

Vadyar Class

Interceptor Craft

8 in service

Bristol Class

Interceptor Craft

4 in service

Vishwast ClassVV

90m Offshore Patrol Vessel

2 in service, 1 being built

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Inshore Patrol Vessel

5+8 being built + 12-16 more planned

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Interceptor Boat

9 in service + (5 + 15 + 36) on order + 20 more planned

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Interceptor Craft

10 in service + 3 new build + 7 building

Fast Patrol Vessel

8 in service + 20 on order
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Air Cushion Vehicle

6 in service + 12 on order

- Extra Fast Patrol Vessel

7 in service

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Seaward Defence Boat

2 in service

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Inshore Patrol Craft

5 in service


Coast Guard Aviation

SQUADRON DESIGNATION AIRCRAFT TYPE SQUADRON LOCATION
CGAS 700 Dornier Do-228 Haldia, Kolkata
CGAS 744 Dornier Do-228 Meenambakhan, Chennai
CGAS 745 Dornier Do-228

Port Blair, Andaman Islands

CGAS 747 Dornier Do-228 Kochi (Cochin)
CGAS 750 Dornier Do-228 Daman
CGAS 800

HAL Chetak

Goa

CGAS 841

HAL Chetak

Daman

CGAS 842

HAL Chetak

Mumbai

CGAS 848

HAL Chetak

Meenambakhan, Chennai

Chetak Flight

HAL Chetak

Port Blair, Andaman Islands

Indian Coast Guard
Extensive Flying Unit (ICGEFU)

HAL Dhruv

Goa


Coast Guard in the Future

India has a 7,516 km coastline, 1197 islands and an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) spanning 2.02 million sq km, which is expected to go up to almost 3 million sq km after the delimitation of the continental shelf. The Coast Guard has also seen a sharp increase in piracy on the high seas, smuggling contrabands, search-and-rescue operations and to prevent 'possible' covert transfers of weapons of mass destruction and thus additional personnel & equipment will be needed to effectively carry out its duties.

Rajat Pandit reports (Times of India, 07 March 2006) that the Coast Guard envisions having 169 vessels, including 12 hovercraft, and 99 aircraft as per the 2002 - 2012 Perspective Plan. Overall, the Coast Guard has projected force-levels of 268 vessels (including 173 small patrol craft), 113 aircraft, 18 Nishant UAVs (unmanned aerial vehicles) and Aerostat & OTH (over-the-horizon) radars by 2017, which is just a little over a decade away. Included in these force levels are 60 helicopters, 35 Do-228 aircraft for coastal surveillance (an increase from the 24 aircraft currently in service), 11 medium-range reconnaissance aircraft, more than 40 interceptor boats and six deep-sea patrol vessels. Rajat Pandit also reports that the present Coast Guard manpower strength will need to be increased to around 15,000 officers & personnel. The Press Trust of India (PTI) reported on 02 July 2007 that the government has placed acquisition orders for five fast patrol vessels, two advanced offshore patrol vessels, three pollution control vessels, five inshore patrol vessels and 11 interceptor boats.

The Coast Guard realizes that ship traffic in the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay is expected to grow immensely, with the Sethusamudram (pronounced as Saythu-Samu-Dhram) ship canal project, currently being built near Rameshwaram in Tamil Nadu as a shorter maritime route between India's eastern and western coasts. The force is also gradually taking over the activities related to Operation Tasha and Operation Swan, currently conducted by the Indian Navy. Operation Tasha involves patrolling conducted in the Palk Bay, along the Tamil Nadu coast, mainly due to terrorist activities and the influx of refugees. Operation Swan began after the 1993 Mumbai serial blasts, to enhance coastal security and patrolling on the west coast against suspicious movement of hostile ships.


Articles on the Coast Guard

Deep Waters: Life in the Coast Guard

 

Links

Official Site of the Indian Coast Guard

 


Last Updated on Sunday, 24 April 2011 01:09  

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