THE 1965 INDIA PAKISTAN AIR WAR

Postmortem : Ceasefire and After


Chapter Nine:
Post Mortem.
Ceasefire and after

Ever since the hostilities, the UN Security Council had been trying hard to end the fighting. Asking both parties to call a cease-fire and withdraw to actual positions held before 5 August 1965. The Security Council passed a resolution on September 6th, asking both parties to stop hostilities.

However both parties were belligerent and in no mood for peace regardless of consequences. U.N. Sec Gen, U. Thant, made a personal visit to both the countries during the war. First stopping in Pakistan on September 9th and to India three days later. In both the places he tried his best to convince the leadership into accepting the U.N. Resolutions. He called for both the governments to accept the cease-fire without preconditions.

However the public in both the countries were in no mood to accept stop the war. During U. Thant's visit on September 13th, a cabinet meeting was in progress, in which the P.M. Lal Bahadur Shastri recommended the acceptance of the U.N. Resolution for the cease-fire. This was opposed by General J.N. Chaudhuri, who suggested avoiding the acceptance of the cease-fire.

The Army, he said was on the verge of inflicting a great defeat on the Pakistanis and it should be allowed to exercise maximum damage on Pakistani war machine. The Indian military circles were in favour of prolonging the war to enable them to reduce Pakistani armour and other to reduce threat of future attacks. In this line the Defence Minister Chavan too supported the Army's stand.

Other members of the Cabinet appreciated this and suggested that India should still accept the resolution. Pakistan was most likely to reject the resolution anyway. And it would certainly look good on India to have accepted the U.N. terms. If the Indian Govt. expected Pakistan to reject the cease-fire then they were not disappointed. Pakistan put forward its acceptance, subject to conditions that insure the "Kashmir dispute was resolved." Naturally this went against U. Thant's offer of cease-fire without preconditions. And the war went on for another week.

In the meanwhile the battle in the Sialkot sector intensified, the prospect of a long and a bloody war that would result ....

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Air Marshal Nur Khan of the PAF receives Air Chief Marshal Arjan Singh during his visit to Peshawar in February 1966, almost six months after the war.

 

Air Marshal Arjan Singh with fighter pilots from Halwara. Others seen in the picture are:
Flt Lt AK Mazumdar (2 Sqn, Standing 2nd from left),
Sqn Ldr NC Suri (20 Sqn, Standing 5th frm left), 
Sqn Ldr MM Sinha (7 Sqn, Standing 4th fm right),
Wg Cdr Bharat Singh(2 Sqn, Standing 2nd fm Rt),
Sqn Ldr SS Malik (7 Sqn, sitting 1st from right),
Sqn Ldr AS Lamba (7 Sqn, Sitting 1st from left),
Flt Lt SK 'Y+H' Behal (7 Sqn, Sitting 2nd from right)

 

 

Prime minister Lal Bahudur Shastry examines the ejection seat of a shot down Pakistani aircraft during a visit to a forward airbase.

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Gen JN Chaudary presenting a model of a Patton Tank to Air Chief Marshal Arjan Singh on Army Day 1966 in appreciation of the IAF's contribution. The tank model is today on display at the IAF Museum. (Photo Courtesy : Sreekanth P)

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Squadron Leader Trevor Keelor being given the Vir Chakra by the President S Radhakrishnan at the investiture ceremony after the war. (Photo Courtesy : Sreekanth P)

 

 

Flying Officer Adi Rustom Gandhi is awarded the Vir Chakra by the President S Radhakrishnan at the investiture ceremony after the war.

Pakistani pilots of 32 Wing Sargodha, after an investiture ceremony in which they received the Sitara-E-Juraat. (left to right) Squadron Leader Najeeb A Khan, Flight Lieutenant Imtiaz Bhatti, Flight Lieutenant Cecil Choudary, Flight Lieutenant Yousaf Ali Khan, Flight Lieutenant Amjad Hussain, Wing Commander Anwar Shamim, Flight Lieutenant Saad A Hatmi and Squadron Leader MM Alam.

 

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An Mil Mi-4 in VIP Squadron scheme benig used as air transport by army officers. (Photo Courtesy : Shiv Shankar Sastry)

 

General Chaudhuri with his Air Force counterpart, Air Marshal Arjan Singh


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