Awards for the year 1965


A total of 51 Awards are listed.
Padma Vibhushan : 1 | Padma Bhushan : 2 | Param Vishist Seva Medal : 2 | Maha Vir Chakra : 4 | Ati Vishist Seva Medal : 2 | Vir Chakra : 18 | Vayu Sena Medal : 16 | Vishist Seva Medal : 6 |
Padma Vibhushan
Air Marshal Arjan Singh 1577 GD(P)Unit : Air HQ  Award Date 30 Oct 65 Announced 30 Oct 65
Details : CAS
Reference:  

Padma Bhushan
AVM Pratap Chandra Lal 1567 GD(P)Unit : Air HQ  Award Date 30 Oct 65 Announced 30 Oct 65
Details : VCAS
Reference:  

Padma Bhushan
AVM Ramaswami Rajaram 1573 GD(P)Unit : Western Air Command  Award Date 30 Oct 65 Announced 30 Oct 65
Details : WAC
Reference:  

Param Vishist Seva Medal
Gp Capt George Kanisthakumar John 2132 GD(P)Unit : AFS Halwara  Award Date 10 Nov 65 Announced 10 Nov 65
Details :

Group Captain George Kanisht Kumar John has been in command of an operational wing since October, 1962. He has shown commendable initiative and ability in inspiring his Squadron personnel to a high degree of combat effectiveness.

During the fighting with Pakistan his Wing, which is one of the front line units in the Punjab, was called upon to undertake offensive operations against the enemy. These comprised fighter sweeps, armed reconnaissance, close support and escort for bomber besides combat air patrols over the airfield itself, all of which were successfully carried out by his units located at his Wing.

On 7th September, 1965, Pakistan Air Force planes raided the airfield for the first time and they continued without any let up during the period of hostilities. Although the number of bombers that came over on each raid was small, the airfield had more than one raid alerts on most of the nights. Added to the nuisance of the air raids, which imposed numerous interruptions on the servicing activity, was the harassment of the Pakistani snipers who had been para dropped near the airfield on the nights of 7th and 9th September with the specific aim of breaking into and carrying out sabotage to our aircraft and installations. His ground defence measures foiled the enemy plans. Work on the unit went on with undiminished vigour, enemy interference notwithstanding. Unserviceable and damaged aircraft were serviced during the night and aircraft flown on offensive missions the next morning. Credit for the unceasing activity in the Station in spite of continued air raids in a large measure, due to the personal example of a very high sense of duty, steadfastness of purpose and leadership set by Group Captain John.

Reference: Gazette of India Notification Dated : 10 Nov 1965 Number: 

Param Vishist Seva Medal
Gp Capt Walter Vernon Alexander Lloyd 2623 GD(P)Unit : AFS Adampur  Award Date 10 Nov 65 Announced 10 Nov 65
Details :

By the time Group Captain Walter Vernon Alexander Lloyd was appointed Officer Commanding of an operational Wing in Punjab, trouble from the infiltrators had already erupted in the Jammu and Kashmir area. Aware of the imminence of a full-fledged war, Gp. Capt. Lloyd immediately set about making preparations for it. In the limited time available he instituted passive air defence measures and spurred his officers and men to greater effort towards improving the serviceability of aircraft and operational preparedness of the unit. As a result his Station was ready to meet the challenge when Pakistan entered the arena openly as an aggressor.

One of the front line wings which menaced Pakistani activity in the area of Sialkot and Lahore, Gp. Capt. Lloyd's Wing was subjected to continuous nigh bombing raids and the enemy paratroopers' forage, work on the aircraft and airfield went on with unabated vigour. An index of the unflagging zeal of the air and ground crew and of the courage and fortitude is the steadily increasing number of sorties the Station was able to mount. There were 29 sorties on the 7th September, the day following the first Pakistani night raid, 74 on 11th and 77 on the 22nd September, 1965.

Although Gp. Capt. Lloyd had been in Command only a few days before the declaration of hostilities, he imbued, by personal example everyone in his Station with courage, determination, confidence in the justness of our cause and a sense of selflessness and purpose.

Reference: Gazette of India Notification Dated : 10 Nov 1965 Number: 

Maha Vir Chakra
Sqn Ldr Jag Mohan Nath 3946 GD(P)Unit : No.106 Squadron  Award Date 01 Sep 65 Announced 01 Sep 65
Details : Bar to MVC During the Indo-Pak War 1965, Sqn Ldr Nath was again the Flight Commander with the Strategic Photo Reconnaissance Squadron flying the Canberra aircraft. He led his unit several times over the hostile territory to obtain vital information about the enemy. The unescorted missions, which were in the nature of reconnaissance, entailed flying long distances over the enemy territory and well-defended airfields and installations during day light. Sqn Ldr Nath was fully aware of the risk he was running on each of these missions. Still, he chose to undertake the risky missions himself. It was after great persuasion that he allowed his colleagues to do some risky assignments. The information gathered by him during his missions proved vitally important to Indian air effort. The missions enabled our Air Force to attack vital enemy targets and this adversely affected enemy's war effort. Sqn Ldr Nath was awarded Bar to Mahavir Chakra for displaying courage, determination and devotion to duty
Reference: Gazette of India , 12th February 1966 - No.9 - Pres/65 dated 1st January 1966 

Maha Vir Chakra
Wg Cdr William MacDonald Goodman 3571 GD(P)Unit : No.31 Squadron  Award Date 01 Sep 65 Announced 10 Sep 65
Details :

Wing Commander William MacDonald Goodman was commissioned in the Indian Air Force as General Duties (Pilot) on I April 1949.

On I September 1965, Pakistan launched a strong armour attack in the Chhamb sector with a view to cut the Indian communication lines to Kashmir. This posed a great threat to Indian security. Wing Commander Goodman, commanding No.31 Squadron flying the Mystere IVa fighter bombers at Pathankot, was entrusted with the task of destroying enemy tanks and troop concentrations in the Chhamb sector.

The squadron immediately went into action and blunted the enemy offensive by destroying his tanks and armoured vehicles. Between 2 and 8 September, the squadron undertook many reconnaissance and ground attack missions in the area. These included rocketing of tank concentrations at Troti and Chhamb and strafing of enemy positions at Jaurian.

On 9 September the Squadron did the more commendable work. A photo recce and strike mission was undertaken between Kasur and Raiwind by two aircraft. They attacked a train carrying tanks and destroyed twenty of them. This was followed by an attack on a tank and heavy gun concentration at Chawinda. Many of these reconnaissance and ground attack missions were led by Wing Commander Goodman himself in the face of heavy air and ground opposition. He was a source of inspiration to all ranks under his command. Under his guidance the Squadron maintained a very high standard of serviceability which contributed to a number if successful strikes on enemy positions. Wing Commander Goodman was awarded the Maha Vir Chakra for conspicuous gallantry, leadership and professional skill.

Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.124 - Pres/65 dated 10th September 1965 

Maha Vir Chakra
Wg Cdr Prem Pal Singh 3871 GD(P)Unit : No.5 Squadron  Award Date 06 Sep 65 Announced 10 Sep 65
Details : Wing Commander Prem. Pal Singh was commissioned in the Indian Air Force on 15 April 1950. In the beginning he served as a Dakota pilot but later he switched over to the Canberra aircraft

During the Indo-Pak War 1965, Wing Commander Prem Pal Singh commanded No. 5 "Tuskers" Squadron, stationed at Agra. The unit equipped with the Canberra bomber, was assigned the triple task of tactical bombing, close support and armed patrolling. Under his able guidance the squadron carried out tactical bombing of various targets to destroy the Pakistan Air Force on the ground. Led by Wing Commander Prem Pal Singh himself, Pak army camp east of Gujarat and airfields at Chaklala, Dab, Murid, Akwal, Risalwala, Wagowal, Sargodha and Peshawar were successfully attacked by his bombers.

The squadron gave close support to the army in Kasur, Khem Karan, Pasrur, Chawinda and Sialkot sectors. Bombs were dropped on the enemy concentrations at all these places. During the period of war the squadron undertook 39 sorties of armed patrolling over Agra, Palam, Ambala, Halwara and Adampur. Most of the operational missions over the enemy territory were carried out during the hours of darkness. The targets were identified in the moon-light. These dangerous operational sorties were undertaken in the face of heavy enemy anti-aircraft fire with exceptional courage and determination.

Wing Commander Prem Pal was awarded the Mahavir Chakra for displaying a high sense of duty and gallantry.

Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.124 - Pres/65 dated 10th September 1965 

Maha Vir Chakra
Sqn Ldr Padmanabha Gautam 4482 GD(P)Unit : Jet Bomber Conversion Unit  Award Date 06 Sep 65 Announced 22 Sep 65
Details : Squadron Leader Padmanabha Gautam was commissioned in the Indian Air Force on 1 April 1953. Squadron Leader Gautam had already seen action in the Congo Operations flying the Canberra bomber of No.5 "Tuskers" Squadron in support of the United Nations Ground Troops. Squadron Leader Gautam was awarded the Vayu Sena Medal for his role in the Congo Operations.

During the Indo-Pak War 1965, Squadron Leader Gautam was commanding the Jet Bomber Conversion Unit (JBCU) flying Canberra bombers at Agra. On the outbreak of the hostilities he was assigned many difficult and dangerous missions into enemy territory at short notice. He undertook six offensive, tactical and close support missions deep into enemy territory between 6 and 21 September 1965, notwithstanding the heavy ground fire and Pak Sabre jet attacks.

These missions included reconnaissance into enemy territory, bombing of Akwal and Gujarat airfields and strafing of enemy concentrations in Gujarat and Chawinda areas. For displaying exceptional courage, determination and devotion to duty he was decorated with Maha Vir Chakra.

Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.126 - Pres/65 dated 22nd September 1965 

Ati Vishist Seva Medal
Wg Cdr Hardyal Singh Dhillon 3237 GD(P)Unit : No.43 Squadron  Award Date 26 Jan 65 Announced 26 Jan 65
Details :

Wing Commander Hardyal Singh Dhillon has been in command of one of our operational Transport Squadrons deployed in J & K since the onset of emergency. This is his second operational tour in this area; first tenure being as a Fighter Pilot during Kashmir operations in 1948. Wg Cdr Dhillon was awarded the Vayu Sena Medal for his outstanding performance during Goa operations in 1961.

Immediately on taking over the Squadron, Wg Cdr Dhillon was faced with the enormously increased task of air­lift of vital supplies to our Army personnel employed in forward areas. In spite of the low manning level and various maintenance difficulties, Wg Cdr Dhillon faced the situation with grim determination, dauntless courage and unflinching devotion to duty. He re-organised his unit to meet the challenge with limited resources at his disposal. Having realized that in order to deliver the goods successfully Dakota aircraft of his unit will have to operate its maximum limits, he led most of the vital and hazardous missions personally and carried out 571 sorties involving more than 1000 hours in a remarkably short period of 20 months. On many days after having flown 8 hours, he had to deal with the administrative problems of his unit and could be seen supervising the servicing of his aircraft, thus ensuring proper running of the unit and a high rate of serviceability.

Inspired by his personal example and devotion to duty the officers and his men cheerfully worked round the clock as a perfect team and kept and much needed supply lines for the Army open throughout the year and thus brought admiration and credit from the troops to the Service. The Squadron completed the assigned air­lift to all the forward airfields and flew 16000 hours in spite of frequent interludes of bad weather within a period of 20 months, which is a remarkable achievement. He, by his careful planning and maintaining rigid discipline, both on the ground and in the air, kept his Squadron accident­free throughout this period. In spite of the difficult living and working conditions, Wing Commander Dhillon by taking personal interest in the welfare of his officers and men successfully maintained a very high morale in the Squadron.

Wing Commander Hardyal Singh Dhillon has thus rendered service of most exceptional order.

Reference: Gazette of India Notification Dated : 26 Jan 1965 Number: 

Ati Vishist Seva Medal
Sqn Ldr Karam Singh 5132 TECHUnit : -N.A.- Award Date 26 Jan 65 Announced 26 Jan 65
Details :

Squadron Leader Karam Singh was in command of one of our Repair and Salvage Units from June 1962 to March 1964. The task of the unit was to repair and salvage aircraft all over the Western Sector.

In the face of such extreme difficulties as inaccessible areas of operations, difficult terrain, adverse weather condition and shortage of manpower, the officer carried out his duties in an exemplary manner during the period of his Command. The following two examples highlight the commendable efforts put in by this officer in the discharge of his arduous duties:­ During, the period Decembar, 1962/ January, 1963, the officer was called upon by Western Air Command to carry out extensive repairs to a crashed aircraft C-130 of the United States Air Force engaged in airlifting operations for our defence forces at Leh. Despite the non­availability of standard repair schemes, specialist advice or adequate maintenance facilities, this officer, leading a handful of men, successfully carried out major repairs to the aircraft, at the scene of the crash, under most arduous working conditions at sub­zero temperature.

In September, 1963 he was called upon to undertake major repairs to an IAF aircraft AN­12 which had suffered extensive damage at an advanced airstrip in the J&K. Despite the non­availability of proper materials, test equipment and schemes for repair he led his men and carried out the repairs in the shortest time possible.

He displayed a high degree of professional skill, praiseworthy qualities of leadership and perseverance in the face of almost insurmountable difficulties. All these were collectively responsible for the successful completion of the task.

Squadron Leader Karam Singh has thus rendered valuable service of an exceptional order, which is in keeping with the highest traditions of the Indian Air Force.

Reference: Gazette of India Notification Dated : 26 Jan 1965 Number: 

Vir Chakra
Fg Offr Utpal Barbara 7229 GD(P)Unit : No.108 Squadron  Award Date 26 Apr 65 Announced 29 Jun 65
Details :

On 26th April, 1965, Flying Officer Barbara undertook a photo-reconnaissance sortie in the Biar Bet area in which the Pakistani Army had mounted an attack against one of xx Company positions. His task was to collect evidence of the presence of Pakitani armour in this area and use of foreign tanks by Pakistani forces. Such evidence was of vital importance since Pakistan had denied use of foreign tanks in the battle. The battle area was being constantly patrolled by the Pakistani forces with fighter aircraft whos performance was much superior to that of the aircraft flown by flying Officer Barbara. In addition to the danger of being intercepted by the enemy aircraft there was the danger of being caught in the cross0f9ire of the Artillery duel between the Pakistani forces and our troops. Fully aware of these risks, Flying Officer Barbara decided to fly as low as 50 feet above ground level below the trajectory of the shells. With consummate skill, he navigated t o an area which is noted for the absence of prominent land marks and having spotted 15 tanks which he recognized as M-48 “Patton”, he took photographs of the tanks as well a s of their tracks. The photographs taken by him confirmed that Pakistan had used foreign tanks in Indian territory.

In this operation, Flying Officer Utpal Barbara displayed courage, determination and professional skill of a high order in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force.

Reference: Gazette of India , 21st August 1965 - No.64 - Pres/65 dated 8th July 1965 

Vir Chakra
Sqn Ldr Trevor Joseph Keelor 4818 GD(P)Unit : No.23 Squadron  Award Date 03 Sep 65 Announced 05 Sep 65
Details :

At about 0700 hours on the 3rd September, 1965, on receipt of a report that a formation of Pakistani fighters was circling over our army position in the Chhamb sector of Jammu & Kashmir, a formation of Gnat aircraft was ordered to intercept the intruders.

Approaching the area, Squadron Leader Trevor Keelor, who was a section leader in the Gnat formation, sighted enemy F-86 Sabre jets and engaged them in air battle. When the combat was in progress, F-104 Star fighters of the Pakistani Air Force also joined in. Unmindful of the numerical superiority of the enemy, Squadron Leader Keelor chased a Sabre Jet and pressed home his attack until the enemy aircraft caught fire and disintegrated in the air. This was the first victory of our Air Force in the air battles against the Pakistani Air Force.

In this operation, Squadron Leader Trevor Keelor displayed courage and leadership of a high order in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force.

Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.130 - Pres/65 dated 5th September 1965 

Vir Chakra
Flt Lt Virendra Singh Pathania 5198 GD(P)Unit : No.23 Squadron  Award Date 04 Sep 65 Announced 06 Sep 65
Details :

Flight Lieutenant Virender Singh Pathania was one of the Gnat pilots who were sent to Pathankot to establish our air superiority in that region during the recent operations against Pakistan. He flew repeated missions seeking out Pakistani aircraft and engaging them. On the 4th September, 1965, during one such mission he came up against a formation of enemy Sabre Jets and immediately engaged them in battle. With great confidence and courage, he out-maneuvered the enemy all the time, got behind one of the enemy Sabres and shot it down.

In this encounter, Flight Lieutenant Virender Singh Pathania displayed cool courage and firm determination in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force.

Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.130 - Pres/65 dated 5th September 1965 

Vir Chakra
Sqn Ldr Madhukar Shantaram Jatar 4793 GD(P)Unit : No.8 Squadron  Award Date 07 Sep 65 Announced 10 Sep 65
Details :

During the recent operations against Pakistan, Squadron Leader Madhukar Shantaram Jatar was the Flight Commander in an operational Squadron which carried out 14 operational sorties. On the 7th September 1965, he led a formation of eight Mysteres on a ground strike mission on Bhagranwala airfield. The raid had to be carried out at a low altitude when visibility was poor. Squadron Leader Jatar inspired is men with courage and tenacity of purpose and the attack on the airfield was pressed home resolutely. As a result one enemy Sabre Jet was destroyed and another damaged. After carrying out the mission successfully, Squadron Leader Jatar brought his formation of eight aircraft safely back to the base.

In this operation, Squadron Leader Madhukar Shantaram Jatar displayed leadership, devotion to duty and professional skill of a high order in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force.

Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.131 - Pres/65 dated 10th September 1965 

Vir Chakra
Sqn Ldr Sudharshan Handa 4816 GD(P)Unit : No.1 Squadron  Award Date 07 Sep 65 Announced 10 Sep 65
Details :

At 0945 hours on the 7th September 1965, a formation of four Mystere aircraft led by Squadron Leader Sudarshan Handa took off for an operational mission and flying at a height of only 50 to 100 feet above ground level penetrated into Pakistan territory.

Squadron Leader Handa led the formation accurately to their objective and the formation went into the attack. He dropped his bombs on the Bulk Patrol Installation and opened up with his guns at three Sabre Jets parked at the Operational Readiness Platform, one of which burst into flames. He then signaled to the remaining members of the formation to attack an enemy F-104 Star Fighter which was also on the Operational Readiness Platform. By this time the enemy antiaircraft guns had opened a heavy barrage of fire against all the four aircraft of the formation. After the successful attack Squadron Leader Handa led the formation back to base safely, all our aircraft landed with only marginal fuel.

The cool courage, devotion to duty and determination displayed by Squadron Leader Sudarshan Handa throughout the operation, were in the finest traditions of the Indian Air Force.

Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.131 - Pres/65 dated 10th September 1965 

Vir Chakra
Flt Lt Trilochan Singh 5043 GD(P)Unit : No.3 Squadron  Award Date 01 Sep 65 Announced 10 Sep 65
Details :

During the recent operational against Pakistan, Flight Lieutenant Trilochan Singh who was Deputy Flight Commander in an Operational Squadron, flew 14 operational sorties. He carried out his mission with great determination and courage in the face of heavy enemy ground fire and air opposition and succeeded in destroying a considerable number of camouflaged tanks and heavy guns. He gave effective air support to our ground forces and carried out successful air strikes on enemy armour, troops concentrations and convoys.

Throughout the operations, Flight Lieutenant Trilochan Singh displayed courage, determination and professional skill of a high order.

Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.131 - Pres/65 dated 10th September 1965 

Vir Chakra
Flt Lt Dev Nath Rathore 5780 GD(P)Unit : No.27 Squadron  Award Date 06 Sep 65 Announced 10 Sep 65
Details : On the 6th September, 1965, Flight Lieutenant Dev Nath Rathore was detailed as the leader of a section of two aircraft to carry out a dusk combat air patrol over Halwara airfield. The airfield was subjected to an attack by four Pakistani Sabres which had also engaged two of our aircraft orbiting the airfield. In complete disregard of his personal safety, Flight Lieutenant Rathore flew his section through a heavy barrage put up by our ground defences engaged one of the enemy aircraft and shot it down before it could inflict any damage. The courage and leadership displayed by Flight Lieutenant Dev Nath Rathore in this combat were in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force.
Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.131 - Pres/65 dated 10th September 1965 

Vir Chakra
Flt Lt Alfred Tyrone Cooke 6339 GD(P)Unit : No.14 Squadron  Award Date 07 Sep 65 Announced 10 Sep 65
Details : On the 7th September, 1965 when Kalaikunda airfield was under attack by six Pakistani Sabre Jet aircraft Flight Lieutenant Alfred Tyrone Cooke who was leading two of our aircraft on combat air patrol immediately led the aircraft into intercept them. Although our own anti-aircraft guns had already started to fire, he had engaged two of the enemy aircraft in complete disregard of his personal safety. The enemy aircraft tried evasive and counter-offensive manoeuvres; but with firm determination and exceptional skill Flight Lieutenant Cooke outmanoeuvred the enemy and pressed home his attack and shot down one of the enemy aircraft which disintegrated in mid air. Subsequently, he skillfully put his aircraft in a favourable position behind another enemy aircraft, but by then he had no ammunition left. However, he kept the enemy on the run and the remaining enemy aircraft fled in confusion. In this action Flight Lieutenant Alfred Tyrone Cooke displayed great courage, leadership and devotion to duty in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force.
Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.131 - Pres/65 dated 10th September 1965 

Vir Chakra
Fg Offr Subodh Chandra Mamgain 6760 GD(P)Unit : No.14 Squadron  Award Date 07 Sep 65 Announced 10 Sep 65
Details : On the 7th September, 1965 when Kalaikunda airfield was attacked by six Pakistani Sabre Jet aircraft, Flying Officer Subodh Chandra Mamgain, who was flying as ‘Wingman’ in a section on combat air patrol followed his leader into intercept them immediately. Although the enemy aircraft were superior in number and our anti-aircraft guns were active over the combat area Flying Officer Mamgain engaged the enemy aircraft in complete disregard of his personal safety. The enemy aircraft tried evasive and counteroffensive manoeuvres at a very low level; but with firm determination and exceptional skill Flying Officer Mamgain outmanoeuvred two enemy aircraft and pressed home the attack ruthlessly. This resulted in one of the enemy aircraft being sent spinning to the ground, while the other badly damaged, was seen escaping trailing a cloud of smoke. In this encounter, Flying Officer Subodh Chandra Mamgain displayed great courage and devotion to duty in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force.
Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.131 - Pres/65 dated 10th September 1965 

Vir Chakra
Fg Offr Adi Rustom Ghandhi 7722 GD(P)Unit : No.7 Squadron  Award Date 06 Sep 65 Announced 10 Sep 65
Details : On the 6th September, 1965, Flying Officer Adi Rustomji Ghandhi was number two in a section of two aircraft on a Combat Air Patrol sortie over Halwara. Two other aircraft were also airborne on the same mission for mutual cover. Suddenly four Pakistani F-86 aircraft sneaked in low to attack the airfield and pulled up just behind Flying Officer Ghandhi’s section. One of the enemy Sabres shot down his leader before it was spotted. Undeterred by his sudden misfortune, Flying Officer Ghandhi skillfully manoeuvred his aircraft got behind the F-86 aircraft and shot it down. Thereafter, overwhelmed by numbers, he was himself shot down. The Sabres were however driven off, the enemy attack foiled, and our airfield, aircraft and ground installations escaped damage. In this operation Flying Officer Ghandhi displayed commendable courage in the face of the enemy.
Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.131 - Pres/65 dated 10th September 1965 

Vir Chakra
Fg Offr Vinod Kumar Neb 8189 GD(P)Unit : No.27 Squadron  Award Date 06 Sep 65 Announced 10 Sep 65
Details : On the 6th September, 1965, Flying Officer Vinod Kumar Neb was detailed as number two in a section of two aircraft to carry out a standing patrol over Halwara airfield. Two of our aircraft were on the circuit. Suddenly four Pakistani Sabre Jets sneaked in low and started to attack the airfield and also our aircraft on the circuit. Flying Officer Neb, though still under training and short of experience, attacked the enemy formation with supreme confidence and shot down one of the enemy Sabres. During this encounter, Flying Officer Vinod Kumar Neb displayed commendable courage and devotion to duty of a high order.
Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.131 - Pres/65 dated 10th September 1965 

Vir Chakra
Wg Cdr Bharat Singh 3582 GD(P)Unit : No.2 Squadron  Award Date 14 Sep 65 Announced 22 Sep 65
Details : On the 14th September 1965, Wing Commander Bharat Singh was the leader of a section of four Gnat Aircraft providing air cover to our Canberras engaged in a bombing mission in the Khem Karan Sector in the recent operations against Pakistan. En route, the formation encountered four enemy Sabre jets. During the battle that followed, Wing Commander Bharat Singh noticed the leader of the enemy formation closing in on one of our bombers with his guns firing. After warning the bomber, Wing Commander Bharat Singh engaged the Sabre jet. With superb airmanship he outmanoeuvred the enemy aircraft at every stage in the dogfight and finally shot it down. Meanwhile, the three other enemy Sabre jets had broken off the attack and fled to safety. By his daring action, Wing Commander Singh not only saved an aircraft and its crew, but also warded off a serious enemy attack on our bomber formation. In this operation, Wing Commander Bharat Singh displayed conspicuous professional skill and gallantry in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force.
Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.133 - Pres/65 dated 22nd September 1965 

Vir Chakra
Sqn Ldr Amar Jit Singh Sandhu 4705 GD(P)Unit : No.23 Squadron  Award Date 17 Sep 65 Announced 22 Sep 65
Details :

Squadron Leader Amarjit Singh Sandhu was the Flight Commander of an Operational Squadron, which was assigned the task of establishing our air superiority over the Pathankot region during the recent operations against Pakistan. He flew repeated missions in the Chhamb sector and over the Pasrur and Lahore areas, all the time seeking out enemy aircraft and engaging them. On the 18th September 1965, in a thrilling encounter against enemy aircraft, he was able to outmanoeuvre the enemy with admirable skill, courage and judgment and shot down a Sabre jet.

The courage and devotion to duty displayed by Squadron Leader Amarjit Singh Sandhu were in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force.

Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.133 - Pres/65 dated 22nd September 1965 

Vir Chakra
Sqn Ldr Denzil Keelor 4805 GD(P)Unit : No.9 Squadron  Award Date 18 Sep 65 Announced 22 Sep 65
Details :

On the 19th September 1965, Squadron Leader Denzil Keelor was providing fighter escort to Mystere aircraft during a strike mission in the operations against Pakistan. His section of four Gnat aircraft was engaged by four enemy Sabre jet aircraft and the battle was fought at a height of less than 2000 feet from the ground where enemy anti-aircraft guns were also active. Under his guidance, his sub-section leader shot down a Sabre jet aircraft. Thereafter Squadron Leader Keelor himself engaged another Sabre jet and crippled it.

Throughout the operations Squadron Leader Denzil Keelor was a source of inspiration to his pilots and ground personnel. His courage and devotion to duty were in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force.

Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.133 - Pres/65 dated 22nd September 1965 

Vir Chakra
Flt Lt Ajoy Kumar Majumdar 5071 GD(P)Unit : No.2 Squadron  Award Date 20 Sep 65 Announced 22 Sep 65
Details :

On the 20th September 1965, as leader of a section of two Gnat aircraft, Flight Lieutenant Ajoy Kumar Majumdar was ordered to “scramble” along with two Hunter aircraft, for patrol duty over the Lahore sector. The section was surprised by four enemy Sabre jet aircraft. Acting with great presence of mind Flight Lieutenant Majumdar ordered the Hunters into a defensive turn and at the same time engaged the Sabres in an attempt to ward them off. In the ensuing battle he shot down one of the enemy aircraft.

In this combat, Flight Lieutenant Ajoy Kumar Majumdar displayed great skill and initiative in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force.

Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.133 - Pres/65 dated 22nd September 1965 

Vir Chakra
Flt Lt Hamir Singh Mangat 5226 GD(N)Unit : No.5 Squadron  Award Date 06 Sep 65 Announced 22 Sep 65
Details :

During the recent operations against Pakistan, Flight Lieutenant Hamir Singh Mangat, a Navigator in an Operational Bomber Squadron, successfully navigated by day and night a number of leader and marker aircraft on hazardous offensive and tactical close support missions deep into enemy territory. Despite intense enemy fire and grave danger to his personal safety, he struck to his post with cool courage and firm determination and accurately navigated the aircraft to their targets to carry out their vital missions.

Throughout the operations Flight Lieutenant Hamir Singh Mangat displayed courage and devotion to duty of a high order.

Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.133 - Pres/65 dated 22nd September 1965 

Vir Chakra
Flt Lt Viney Kapila 5596 GD(P)Unit : No.9 Squadron  Award Date 18 Sep 65 Announced 22 Sep 65
Details :

On the 19th September 1965, as sub-section leader in a four Gnat aircraft formation, Flight Lieutenant Viney Kapila gave valuable assistance to his leader during an aerial battle against four Pakistani Sabre jet aircraft. The battle was fought at a height of less than 2000 feet from the ground where enemy antiaircraft guns were active. He shot down one of the enemy aircraft and then helped his leader to cripple another.

In this action Flight Lieutenant Kapila displayed courage and devotion to duty of a high order.

Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.133 - Pres/65 dated 22nd September 1965 

Vir Chakra
Fg Offr Prakash Sadashivrao Pingale 6755 GD(P)Unit : No.7 Squadron  Award Date 16 Sep 65 Announced 22 Sep 65
Details :

On the 16th September 1965, Flying Officer Prakash Pingale led a section of two aircraft on a “scramble” mission. His section engaged a Pakistani F-86 aircraft, which was also under its own radar control. With great skill, Flying Officer Pingale manoeuvred his section behind the enemy aircraft when he noticed another Sabre jet coming in to attack. He immediately changed his position and shot down the enemy aircraft, which he had engaged earlier. Then he turned to the other enemy aircraft and flying with great skill and accuracy, engaged it and shot it down also.

The skill and leadership displayed by Flying Officer Pingale in this air combat were in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force.

Reference: Gazette of India , 1st January 1966 - No.133 - Pres/65 dated 22nd September 1965 

Vayu Sena Medal (Gallantry)
Wg Cdr Bhopendra Singh 3025 GD(P)Unit : No.23 Squadron  Award Date Announced 01 Jan 65
Details : Wg Cdr Bhopindra Singh, an experienced test pilot, is now in command of a Jet Fighter Squadron. He was entrusted with the complicated and exacting task of high altitude trials on the Gnat airraft. The task was hazardous in the absence of suitable data on which the bhaviour of the aircraft could be pre-assessed at high altitudes. Despite this handicap, Wg Cdr Singh, wih courage and professional skill, carried out the trials from one of the highest airfields located in treacherous mountainous terrain. The data collected as a result of the trials will have far reaching effect on the concept and future conduct of Fighter operations in the western sector. The operation of a Jet fighter from an airfield at a high altitude in Ladakh is a land mark in the history of the Indian Air Force. Wg Cdr Bhupinder Singh displayed courage and a high degree of prefessional skill in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force
Reference: Gazette of India 13th March 1965 - No.20 - Pres/65 dated 1st January 1965. 

Vayu Sena Medal
Sqn Ldr Ashateeta Chakravarti 3662 GD(P)Unit : -N.A.- Award Date Announced 01 Jan 65
Details : Sqn Ldr Chakravarti has been engaged in transport support operations in Jammu and Kashmir area since August 1961. He has flown a total of 6018 hours including about 1023 hours on operations. He has been associated with trial landings on a number of advance landing grounds, and was the first to land at one of the highest airfields in the world. With his intimate knowledge of difficult terrain, he has imparted flying instructions to a number of junior pilots in forward areas. Throughout the operational flights, Sqn Ldr Ashateeta Chakravarti displayed courage, professional skill and devotion to duty of a high order.
Reference: Gazette of India 13th March 1965 - No.20 - Pres/65 dated 1st January 1965. 

Vayu Sena Medal
Sqn Ldr Gurdip Singh 3944 GD(P)Unit : No.44 Squadron  Award Date 21 Oct 62 Announced 01 Jan 65
Details : Sqn Ldr Gurdip Singh is the Filght Commander of a Transport Unit in Ladakh. After the declaration of emergency, in addition to his administrative responsibilties, he undertook a large number of hazardous sorties personally, before entrusting them to the pilots under his command. So far he has done over 4000 hours of lfying, of which 1200 hours were flown in forward areas. He has also carried out several supplly missions on advance landing grounds. Sqn Ldr Gurdip Singh was among the experienced pilots who airlifted tanks to Chushul and Leh in 1962-63. Recemtly , when an aircraft was held up at Leh due to engine trouble, he retrieved it from that area. He also acted as the Training Officer of his squadron and achieved remarkable success. Throughout, Sqn Ldr Gurdip Singh displayed a high standard of professional skill and devotion to duty in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force
Reference: Gazette of India 13th March 1965 - No.20 - Pres/65 dated 1st January 1965. 

Vayu Sena Medal
Sqn Ldr Rathinder Kumar Basu 3968 GD(P)Unit : No.44 Squadron  Award Date Announced 01 Jan 65
Details : Squadron Leader Basu has been a Flight Commander of a Heavy Transport Squadron in the Jammu and Kashmir area since April 1961. He has carried out a total of about 4,900 hours of flying, of which over 1400 hours have been on operational flights. He has also carried out more than 300 operational supply missions and has to his credit 200 landings on advance landing grounds like Leh and Chushul. Squadron Leader Basu was entrusted with the task of training and familiarising the new pilots of his unit with operations in the forward areas, and with perseverance and high professional skill successfully completed it. He is always eager to lead id the most difficult and vital missions, and thus sets a fine example to his subordinates. Squadron Leader Rathindra Kumar Basu displayed courage, leadership and devotion to duty of a high order.
Reference: Gazette of India 13th March 1965 - No.20 - Pres/65 dated 1st January 1965. 

Vayu Sena Medal (Gallantry)
Sqn Ldr Krishnaswamy Subramaniam 4213 GD(N)Unit : No.44 Squadron  Award Date Announced 01 Jan 65
Details : Squadron Leader KRISHNASWAMY SUBRAMANIAN is a Navigation leader of a Heavy Transport Squadron. He has a total of 4650 hours of flying, of which about 1143 hours have been on operational flights during the emergency. He trained junior navigators and volunteered for most of the hazardous sorties. On 2nd June, 1962, while Squadron Leader Subramanian was on a supply-dropping mission, a parachute developed inside the aircraft and it became difficult to maintain height. Coolly, he operated the transporters on emergency, and the whole load was ejected without any loss of time. The aircraft was then able to climb normally. In October 1962, his aircraft came under heavy ground fire from the Chinese. Undaunted he maintained his position and kept on relaying vital information to higher authorities, which a proved to be of great value to the Commanders. Throughout, Squadron Leader Krishnaswamy Subramanian displayed great devotion to duty, courage and professional skill which are in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force.
Reference: Gazette of India 13th March 1965 - No.20 - Pres/65 dated 1st January 1965. 

Vayu Sena Medal (Gallantry)
Sqn Ldr Bhagat Singh Kalra 4492 GD(P)Unit : -N.A.- Award Date 21 Oct 62 Announced 01 Jan 65
Details : Squadron Leader Bhagat Singh Kaira was in command of a Helicopter detachment in NEFA during October-November 1962 and flew 300 operational sorties during this short period. On 21st October 1963, he averted a major disaster by making a quick and correct appreciation oF a dangerous situation. Five helicopters were operating individually for conveying troops to a forward area. The GOC-in-C. Eastern Command was travelling in one of the helicopters. Enroute to the forward area. Flight Lieutenant Kalra was informed by the Captain of another aircraft that a large lire was raging in an Army post ahead. Noticing a great deal of unusual troop movement, he ordered all helicopters to return to base, and thus saved them as as well as their occupants, On 23rd October 1962, flying from dawn to dusk. Flight Lieutenant Kaira evacuated about 300 women and children from Tawang. On another occasion, he rescued two Air Force officers who had to crash land after their helicopter had been shot down by the Chinese. Throughout the operations Flight Lieutenant Bhagat Singh Kalra displayed a very high sense of duty and professional skill which are in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force.
Reference: Gazette of India 13th March 1965 - No.20 - Pres/65 dated 1st January 1965. 

Vayu Sena Medal
Flt Lt Purushottam Laxmikant Purohit 4581 GD(P)Unit : -N.A.- Award Date Announced 01 Jan 65
Details : Flight Lieutenant Purohit has been engaged in air transport support operations in Jammu and Kashmir since 1957. He has done about 1000 hours of operational flying over this area. In April I962, when his Squadron was moved out from this area Flight Lieutenant Purohit volunteered for transfer to the incoming Squadron so as to extend to it the benefit of the experience gained by him. During his operational tour, he flew 160 missions carrying heavy loads to forward areas. He was always a source of inspiration to other aircrew. Throughout, Flight Lieutenant Purushottam Laxmikant Purohit displayed courage, initiative and devotion to duty of a high order.
Reference: Gazette of India 13th March 1965 - No.20 - Pres/65 dated 1st January 1965. 

Vayu Sena Medal (Gallantry)
Flt Lt Amarjit Singh Sandhu 4705 GD(P)Unit : No.23 Squadron  Award Date 10 Mar 64 Announced 01 Jan 65
Details : On 10th March 1964, Flt Lt Sandhu, while in formation of Gnat aircraft, experienced a flame out of engine followed by a total electrical failure rendering the tail plane inoperative. He was faced with the choice of either abandoning the aircraft and ejecting himself, or carrying out a 'deadstick' forced landing. Inspite of the failure of vital services, he chose the latter in order to save a valuable aircraft from destruction. This was the first time that a 'dead-stick' landing was carried out in a Gnat aircraft. Flt Lt Sandhu also made it possible for the technical staff to ascertain the defect leading to the flame-out of the engine which, if undetected might have caused serious accidents in the future.Flt Lt Amarjit Singh Sandhu displayed courage, high professional skill, and devotion to duty whicha re in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force
Reference: Gazette of India 13th March 1965 - No.20 - Pres/65 dated 1st January 1965. 

Vayu Sena Medal (Gallantry)
Flt Lt Trevor Joseph Keelor 4818 GD(P)Unit : No.23 Squadron  Award Date 05 Feb 64 Announced 01 Jan 65
Details : On the 5th February 1964, Flt Lt Keelor was detailed to ferry a Gnat from Poona to Palam in a formation of five aircraft. The last part of the flight had to be undertaken at a height of 41,000 feet. While descending to land at Palam, he discovered , at a height of 15,000 feet that there was no response from the engine to the throttle movements. After informing the leader, Flt Lt Kellor immediately broke off the formation and attempted a landing at Palam, knowing fully well that previous attempts to force land a Gnat had resulted in fatal or serious injury to the pilot. With great presence of mind and careful handling, he accomplished the forced landing successfully without any damage to the aircraft. Flt Lt Trevor Kellor displayed courage, presence of mind and a high standard of professional skill in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force
Reference: Gazette of India 13th March 1965 - No.20 - Pres/65 dated 1st January 1965. 

Vayu Sena Medal
Flt Lt Hilton Noel Byrne 5046 GD(P)Unit : -N.A.- Award Date Announced 01 Jan 65
Details : Flight Lieutenant Byrne has been Flight Commander of a Helicopter Unit operating in NEFA since September 1962. He has flown more than 10(10 hours in less than 2 years in this area and has made about 750 landings at helipads in difficult mountainous terrain. He has fulfilled different assignments including conveying of troops and equipment) trial landings at new helipads and screening junior pilots in difficult and unfamiliar terrain and in adverse weather conditions. He has also carried out trials and assessed the operational capability of MI-4 Helicopter. This included troops assault, supply dropping, carrying of external loads and deplaning troops by ropes etc. Flight Lieutenant Hilton Noel Byrne has displayed courage, determination and a high degree of professional skill.
Reference: Gazette of India 13th March 1965 - No.20 - Pres/65 dated 1st January 1965. 

Vayu Sena Medal
Flt Lt Rakesh Tandon 5391 GD(P)Unit : -N.A.- Award Date 16 May 64 Announced 01 Jan 65
Details : As Flight Commander of a Helicopter Unit in NEFA, Flight Lieutenant Tandon has carried out over 900, landings in advance landing grounds / airfields and has flown over 1000 hours. On 16th May 1964, a helicopter, while attempting to land at a helipad, It got its front oleos bogged down on the ground as a result of which they got dangerously bent backwards. Realising the danger involved, the pilot abandoned the landing and flew back to the base. This information was passed on to Flight Lieutenant Tandon who was flying his own helicopter. He landed immediately, and proceeded to assess the damage on the helicopter which was instructed to hover low over the airfield. He organised a soft landing area by placing old tyres and barrels in such a manner as to give support to the aircraft when it landed. Thereupon, he instructed the hovering helicopter to lower the rope ladder by which he climbed into the damaged aircraft and took over control personally. He manoeuvred the helicopter and landed safely on the prepared spot thus saving the helicopter as well as its occupants. Flight Lieutenant Rakesh Tandon displayed initiative and a high degree of professional skill in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force.
Reference: Gazette of India 13th March 1965 - No.20 - Pres/65 dated 1st January 1965. 

Vayu Sena Medal
Flt Lt Mohan Dharamdas Lalvani 5658 GD(P)Unit : -N.A.- Award Date Announced 01 Jan 65
Details : Flight Lieutenant Lalvani has been working since 1961 as a Flight Commander with a Helicopter Squadron operating Ladakh. He has a commendable record of about 1000 landings at helipads located in difficult mountainous areas. During the Chinese aggression on the northern borders in October-November 1962, he undertook a large number of difficult assignments. In addition to his duties as Flight Commander, he had to undertake training of junior pilots who were not conversant with the terrain and had no operational experience. He assisted the Squadron Commander in planning and executing the tasks allotted to his. unit. Throughout Flight Lieutenant Mohan Dharamdas Lalvani displayed high professional skill, courage and devotion to duty.
Reference: Gazette of India 13th March 1965 - No.20 - Pres/65 dated 1st January 1965. 

Vayu Sena Medal (Gallantry)
Fg Offr Jagbir Singh Rai 6507 GD(P)Unit : No.59 Squadron  Award Date 29 Feb 64 Announced 01 Jan 65
Details : Flying Officer Jagbir Singh Rai has been serving with a Logistic Support Squadron in NEFA. He has carried out nearly 600 operational sorties and has made nearly .500 landings in forward airfield/advance landing grounds. On 29th February 1964, Flying Officer Rai was on an operational mission flying from Dinjan to Tilling in NEFA. When the aircraft came over a river valley surrounded by high mountains and snow covered peaks, he heard a loud noise in the engine and experienced a sudden loss of power. Realising that there was no suitable area for a forced landing. Flying Officer Rai immediately turned back towards the nearest airfield at Pasighat. When he was about 10 miles from there, his engine caught fire, and thick smoke and oil covered the entire windscreen and obscured his view. Though nearly chocked by smoke he tried lo control the fire. Ultimately he crash-landed in a small river bed, sustaining severe injuries to his legs and arms. He extricated himself from the wreckage, crawled to a pool of water nearby and stayed there till he was rescued. Flying Officer Jagbir Singh Rai displayed courage and professional skill of a high order.
Reference: Gazette of India 13th March 1965 - No.20 - Pres/65 dated 1st January 1965. 

Vayu Sena Medal (Gallantry)
MWO Sig Puthyadth Nanu 14491 ORUnit : No.44 Squadron  Award Date Announced 01 Jan 65
Details : Master Warrant Officer Puthyadth Nanu [Signaller (Air).] has been serving as Deputy Signals Leader with a Heavy Transport Squadron in Jammu and Kashmir area since 1961. Earlier, he did two tours in Jammu and Kashmir and four tours with the Squadron operating in NEFA and Naga Hills. After the declaration of emergency, he volunteered for most of the difficult sorties. He has flown a total of nearly 6400 hours including about 26OOO on operations. By virtue of his operational experience and intimate knowledge of the terrain, he contributed a great deal in fulfilling the tasks allotted to his unit. In addition to assisting the Signals Leader in training junior signallers) he often rendered valuable advice to the Squadron Commander in planning and executing the operations. His personal example was a source of inspiration to other Signallers. Master Warrant Officer Puthyadth Nanu has displayed courage, devotion to duty and a high standard of professional skill in keeping with the best traditions of the Indian Force.
Reference: Gazette of India 13th March 1965 - No.20 - Pres/65 dated 1st January 1965. 

Vayu Sena Medal (Gallantry)
WT Sig Krishnagiri Venugopal Kanan 47007 ORUnit : No.44 Squadron  Award Date 04 Mar 63 Announced 01 Jan 65
Details : Warrant Signaller Kannan [Signaller (Air).] has been working with a HeavyTransport Squadron operating in Jammu and Kashmir area since 1961. He has done a total of over 3000 hours of flying, nearly half of it in forward areas. On 11th September 1961, landing at Chushul, the nose wheel of his aircraft sheared off. With commendable presence of mind he switched off the generators, alternators and the master battery switch in order to prevent electrical fire. He jumped out of the aircraft with a fire extinguisher and looked round for any hot point caused by friction. He stood by till the entire crew got out of the aircraft, and thft ground crew took over charge. On 4th March 1963, while on a supply-dropping mission in Ladakh one of the elevator cables snapped. Only part of the total could be dropped : the remainder was stuck on the transporter and this prevented the cargo doors from closing. Warrant Signaller Kannan immediately went to (lie rear of the aircraft to supervise in the discharge of the cargo by the ejection crew. Since two of them were affected by lack of oxygen and had become unconscious, he himself got down to eject the load and close the cargo doors. Although exhausted, he carried the election crew to the pressurised cabin where oxygen was administered to them. Throughout, warrant Signaller Krishnagiri Venugopal Kannan displayed courage and devotion to duty of a high order.
Reference: Gazette of India 13th March 1965 - No.20 - Pres/65 dated 1st January 1965. 

Vayu Sena Medal (Gallantry)
WO Chacko Joseph 47055 ORUnit : No.44 Squadron  Award Date 20 Oct 62 Announced 01 Jan 65
Details : Warrant Officer Joseph [Flight Gunner] has been serving with a Heavy Transport Squadron in Jammu and Kashmir area since 1961. So far he has flown a total of 3500 hours including nearly 1600 hours on operations in Ladakh area. In addition to bis duties as a Gunnery leader, he successfully trained junior gunners and familiarised them with the operational role of the unit. On 20th October, 1962, while operating on the northern borders, Warrant Officer Joseph's aircraft came under heavy ground fire from the Chinese. With cool courage and professional skill, he located the gun position on the ground and warned not only his Captain, but also other aircraft operating in the area at that time. This information was relayed to the authorities at base. His prompt action saved the other aircraft from possible damage. Warrant Officer Chacko Joseph displayed a high degree of professional skill and devotion to duty in the best traditions of the Indian Air Force.
Reference: Gazette of India 13th March 1965 - No.20 - Pres/65 dated 1st January 1965. 

Vishist Seva Medal
Wg Cdr Kharbhanda Jai Chandra 3445 ENGUnit : -N.A.- Award Date 26 Jan 65 Announced 26 Jan 65
Details :

Wing Commander Chandra has been serving as Senior Training Officer of a Technical Training School since April 1960. After the outbreak of hostilities in October, 1961, the training flow had increased manifold while there was no corresponding increase in training aids and instructors. This called for great resourcefulness, ingenuity on the part of the staff and more so on the shoulders of Senior Training Officers.

Wg. Cdr. Chandra who was given this momentous task of increased training commitment set down his assignment with single minded devotion and formulated a comprehensive training programme to meet the increased commitment. During this period he introduced a number of new training aids which made the imparting of technical training easy and simpler.

Wg. Cdr. Chandra has rendered distinguished service of a high order.

Reference: Gazette of India Notification Dated : 26 Jan 1965 Number:17 

Vishist Seva Medal
Flt Lt Jagmohan Singh Virk 4437 GD(P)Unit : Transport Training Wing  Award Date 26 Jan 65 Announced 26 Jan 65
Details :

Flight Lieutenant Jagmohan Singh Virk is a qualified Flying Instructor and holds the highest transport category and instrument rating. During the past one year, through his persistent efforts he has accelerated the output of transport pupils. In addition to the training commitments, this officer at the peak of emergency, transported troops and equipment to N.E.F.A. area.

His cheerful devotion to this arduous duty under great physical and mental stress was a source of inspiration to his colleagues and pupils and an all round fine example on a flying station. He has, therefore, rendered a distinguished service of a high order.

Reference: Gazette of India Notification Dated : 26 Jan 1965 Number:17 

Vishist Seva Medal
Flt Lt Tapishwar Dutt Vasisht 4500 GD(P)Unit : Transport Training Wing  Award Date 26 Jan 65 Announced 26 Jan 65
Details :

Flight Lieutenant Tapishwar Dutt Vasisht is a qualified flying instructor and has obtained the highest transport category and instrument rating.

This officer was employed in one of the I.A.F. pilot training institutions where he carried out instructional duties with zeal and determination. His sustained efforts resulted in doubling the training output of pilots during the Emergency. To achieve this distinction Flt. Lt. Vasisht flew over 100 instructional hours per month.

In addition to his training commitment, this officer undertook the work of flying troops and equipment to Assam area during the Chinese aggression; a task which he accomplished with great success. The officer displayed a high sense of duty and sincere devotion to his allotted tasks.

Reference: Gazette of India Notification Dated : 26 Jan 1965 Number:17 

Vishist Seva Medal
MWO Harbhajan Singh Rattan 13598 ORUnit : -N.A.- Award Date 26 Jan 65 Announced 26 Jan 65
Details :

Master Warrant Officer Harbhajan Singh Rattan has been on the posted strength of Heavy Transport Squadron operating in J & K area as Deputy Signals Leader. He is on his 4th operational tour and during the current tenure has flown 1200 hours on operations. On 21st February, 1964, while 3 aircraft were being loaded for supply dropping missions, Master Warrant Officer Rattan noticed smoke emanating from the cockpit of the aircraft parked in the middle. Realizing the danger to the other aircraft in case the fire was not controlled, he immediately with the help of some other airmen pushed one aircraft to safe distance while the other aircraft was taxied away by a pilot. After ensuring the safety of the two aircraft Master Warrant Officer Rattan took charge of the fire fighting operations. With complete disregard to his personal safety he entered the aircraft, located the fire and attempted to smother it, but was nearly overpowered by suffocating smoke. He came out and undeterred entered the aircraft again and found the situation fraught with serious possibilities of the fire spreading to the cargo load which consisted of logs of wood. When his attempts to open the cargo doors were not successful, he on his own initiative, ordered the cargo doors to be hacked open.

Subsequently, he supervised the discharge of cargo from the aircraft and simultaneously directed fire fighting operations and carried on until he fell unconscious due to fumes, suffocation and exhaustion. His correct assessment of the situation and prompt action prevented the possible spread of the fire and saved valuable aircraft.

Throughout these operations, Master Warrant Officer Harbhajan Singh Rattan displayed complete disregard to his personal safety, remarkable courage and selfless devotion to duty, which is in keeping with best traditions of the Indian Air Force.

Reference: Gazette of India Notification Dated : 26 Jan 1965 Number:17 

Vishist Seva Medal
WO Winfred Samuel 11345 ORUnit : -N.A.- Award Date 26 Jan 65 Announced 26 Jan 65
Details :

Master Warrant Officer Winfred Samuel is posted to one of the Heavy Transport Squadrons operating in J&K area since March, 1961. From the very inception of the unit he has been incharge of the Daily Servicing Section. Inspite of the low manning level and limited servicing facilities, this officer, through his professional skill, high organizing ability and grim determination inspired his men to work to the maximum capacity and successfully maintained a very high standard of serviceability. But for his sustained efforts and capacity for hard work it may not have been possible to maintain the vital airlift of supplies to the required schedule, particularly during the emergency.

One of the aircraft belonging to his unit was stranded at Leh with a damaged undercarriage. Master Warrant Officer Samuel with a handful of men and spares proceeded to Leh to repair the aircraft. He, along with his men worked round the clock for over 15 hours and made the aircraft serviceable for it to be flown before the setting in of bad weather. Had this aircraft not been retrieved, it would have remained stuck at Leh for a considerable period.

Master Warrant Officer Winfred Samuel, by his leadership, courage and devotion to duty and capacity for hard work has thus rendered distinguished service of a very high order.

Reference: Gazette of India Notification Dated : 26 Jan 1965 Number:17 

The Awards Database presented here was made possible by the kind generosity of Air Marshal Bharat Kumar, author of Courage & Devotion to Duty : A Chronicle of IAF's Honours and Awards (1932-2008). Air Marshal Bharat Kumar had very graciously given permission to reproduce the citations from the book on this website.
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